for her dramatic acts of protest, Cambridge ’s Joan Court has chained
herself to railings, locked herself in a cage and even gone on hunger strike
– all in the name of animal rights. Now 90, she tells ALICE RYAN why
she will always be an activist.
SITTING at her kitchen table, with a little grey cat beside her and a well-padded
tabby at her feet, Joan Court is in a reflective frame of mind.
Famous in Cambridge for her dramatic acts of protest – from going
on hunger strike to locking herself in a cage – she is a dedicated
animal rights activist. And, now 90, Joan is looking back over her life,
her work, and her enduring love affair with animals.
“I’ve always had a special bond with cats,” she admits,
stroking the small grey, who gives a purr and stretches out on the tabletop.
“Cats are so beautiful and so intelligent. I’ve got six at the
moment, all rescued. Ideally I like to have seven, but I’ve just lost
“I want to record a cat’s purr and have it played when I die;
I would be quite happy for that to be the last sound I hear on earth.”
Joan has just released the second volume of her autobiography: called The
Bunny Hugging Terrorist, it charts the last three decades of her life –
and her ongoing involvement with animal rights. Published in paperback this
summer, the book is prefaced by Labour’s Tony Benn; clearly a long-time
admirer of Joan, he pays tribute to her “intelligence, passion and
humour” and deems her “a shining example of grey power”.
“It is about my life,” says Joan. “But, more than anything,
it is a tribute to the animal rights movement – which I believe to
be the greatest social movement of this century.” The book is a sequel
to In the Shadow of Mahatma Gandhi, a memoir of the earlier part of Joan’s
Abused by her mother, a violent alcoholic, and abandoned by her father,
who committed suicide when she was 12, she grew up determined to help
other children in need. First a pioneering nurse-midwife – a move
which took her to India , where she encountered Gandhi – she then
became a social worker, specialising in child protection.
Joan’s love of animals dates back to her early childhood. “It
all started with Sam, the little cat who used to keep me company while I
was waiting for my drunken mother to come home,” she recounts. “He
was an enormous comfort to me when I was five and all alone in the silent
flat. “My mother was pretty awful but, even as a child, I had this
incredible ability to find the good qualities in her – like the fact
she loved animals too.
She used to go round the fields and put eau de cologne on donkeys’
ears to stop them being bothered by flies.” Having dedicated much
of her career to child welfare as Joan approached retirement, she turned
her attention to animal rights.
“People often ask me why,” she admits. “It really started
when I found out about vivisection. Then I found out what was happening
in the meat
industry. And then I found out about live exports. Like a lot of people,
I’d been going through life almost totally ignorant of what was happening
to animals all around me.”
Joan actually came to Cambridge , aged 60, as a mature student of social
anthropology. Shocked by the anti-vivisection posters and fliers she saw
in the city, she joined local campaigners straight away – and went
on her first demo the very next day. A founder member of Animal Rights Cambridge,
which is still going strong, Joan has devoted her time and energy to the
cause ever since.
“One of my proudest achievements is helping to get fur out of Cambridge
,” she says.
“One of our specialities was stink bombs: it’s amazing how quickly
a shop empties when a group of respectable-looking ladies go in and then,
on a signal, all stand on a stink bomb at the same time. It’s proof
that direct action works.”
Campaigning against all forms of animal cruelty, Joan has been on endless
marches and sit-ins, chained herself to several sets of railings(including
those outside the Cambridge Senate House), locked herself in a cage, gone
on three hunger strikes and been arrested four times.
“I was once arrested for holding a banner when I was told to put it
down,” laughs Joan.
“And I was arrested for throwing a brick, which I actually hadn’t.
It was a bit trying really. Prison cells are quite claustrophobic. And they’re
very boring: I think they should paint them nicer colours.”
When Joan last went on a hunger strike – as part of a protest against
animal testing – she went without sustenance for 72 hours. She was
well into her 80s at the time. “By the end I was suffering from severe
confusion; I didn’t recognise my best friend,” admits Joan.
“But I recovered very, very quickly. I always do.” One of Joan’s
greatest adventures was, she says, her 2004 voyage on a Sea Shepherd patrol
ship – as part of a crew tasked with fighting illegal fishing, whaling
and the hunting of seals. At sea for weeks, she says it was “an amazing
and wonderful experience”.
Joan’s activism is, she explains, fuelled by her first-hand experiences
of seeing animals suffer. Several years ago, provoked by a TV documentary
about pig farming, she visited a slaughterhouse.
“It was much worse than I thought it would be,” she recalls,
shuddering. “A lot of the pigs weren’t properly electrocuted,
so they were falling off their hooks and were clearly conscious when they
were killed. And there was an enormous amount of blood, it was just pouring
out of them.”
Another low was, continues Joan, watching sheep being loaded onto lorries,
ready for live transportation overseas. “I think that’s one
of the worst things I’ve ever seen,” she says.
“They were separated from their family and friends and loaded in so
tightly they could hardly move. The whole place stank of ammonia. And I
could see their faces, looking through the side of the trucks – and
I couldn’t help them.”
A vegetarian from the age of 18, Joan became a vegan 10 years ago.
A believer in the sanctity of all life, she is also a Buddhist. Single,
Joan lives in Cambridge with her adored cats. And she has a close network
of friends, many of them fellow animal rights campaigners, whom she describes
as her “fictive family”; a chapter of The Bunny Hugging Terrorist
(because “that’s what people call us, bunny huggers and terrorists”)
is dedicated to them. On acts of violence in the name of animal rights,
Joan says: “I am opposed to violence towards people as well as animals.”
She admits: “One of the annoying things about getting older is that
you can’t be as adventurous as you want to be. "But, if I’m
proud of anything, I’m proud of the fact I’ve stayed with it:
I’ve never given up campaigning for animals to be treated with respect,
as beings with their own internal, emotional lives. And I never will.”
Joan’s memoir, The Bunny Hugging Terrorist,
is out now in paperback.
Published by Selene Press, it’s priced £9.99.